Lost for 1,600 years, the royal quarters of Cleopatra were discovered off the shores of Alexandria. A team of marine archaeologists, led by Frenchman, Franck Goddio, began excavating the ancient city in 1998. Historians believe the site was submerged by earthquakes and tidal waves, yet, astonishingly, several artifacts remained largely intact. Amongst the discoveries were the foundations of the palace, shipwrecks, red granite columns, and statues of the goddess Isis and a sphinx. The Egyptian Government plans to create an underwater museum and hold tours of the site.
Building interior space, triptych. St. Anne gives birth.
Simone Martini, Annunciation
1333, tempura on panel. Sienese.
Elegant figures. Use of gold abounds. Mary shrinks back in modesty. Gold wall background. Aristocratic, gothic.
1308, tempura on panel. Sienese Painting (decorative, thinner figures, zigzagging of complex linear patterns). Centerpiece for Siena Cathedral. Richest altarpiece of this time. Mary and Jesus in center.
GIOTTO, Lamentation from Arena chapel
1305, fresco. Florentine Painting.
Arena Chapel built by ENRICO SCROVEGNI to expiate the sin of usury. Lamentation: shallow stage, diagonal cliff points to main action. Modeling indicates direction of light. Range of emotions. Grieving angels above.
Madonna Enthroned by CIMABUE and GIOTTO
tempura on panel. Mary as the Throne of Wisdom points to Christ as the way to salvation.
Cimabue: Byzantine manner, flat. Thin and elegant. Flecks of gold define drapery folds.
Giotto: Mary’s breast and knees can be seen under drapery. Angels stand more naturally around the gothic throne. Mary is more human.