Venus of Willendorf: Willendorf, Austria.
25,000 BCE, Limestone.
May be a fertility image (notice large breasts and exaggerated pubic triangle).
Two Bison: Le Tue d’Audoubert, France
10,000 BCE, clay.
Paleolithic relief made by biulding up layers of clay. Fun fact: the cracks were formed within days of making due to the clay drying.
Bison from Altamira cave in Santande, Spain.
This famous cave was found in 1879 by Marcelino de Sautuola. Every bison is in profile. The curled bison may be dead. They seem to float.
Hall of bulls, Lascaux cave, France
The differences of style and technique in these bulls suggests that they were painted at different times.
Wounded man and disembodied bison, Lascaux Caves
The man is in far less detail than the bison. Is a narrative. Notice the bird on the stick; no one is sure what is truly depicted with this but we can all agree on its awesomeness.
Great Stone Tower in Jericho, 8000 BCE
Jericho= plateau in Jordan River Valley. This neolithic town was advanced in agriculture. This stone wall was built for protection. 28ft tall.
Landscape with Volcanic Eruption, Catal Hoyuk Turkey
Thought to be the first landscape. Neolithic.
Stonehenge, Wiltshire, England
Megaliths: individual stones. Cromlech: circle of stones.
Built in several stages. Astronomical observatory, accurate solar calendar. Neolithic.
Statuettes of Two Worshippers from Square Temple, Iraq
These figures are in prayer wide eyes to stay focused. Are found in Sumerian “waiting room” (are waiting for divinity). Very stylized, and cyindrical.
War Side and Peace Side of Standard of Ur, Iraq
The kings head breaks through the registers boarder (hierarchical scale). Historical narrative.